Who? | Author & Audience
Paul wrote this letter to the Colossian church.
When? | Dates
This letter was written while Paul was under house arrest in Rome around 60-63 AD, likely around the same time as the letter to Philemon.
Where? | Setting
Colossae was about 100 miles from Ephesus and was a predominantly Gentile church with some Jewish people. There were some false teachings infiltrating the church, one of which was heretical teachings about Jesus not being fully man and fully God, as well as legalism.
What & Why? | Outline & Purpose
Introduction (Col. 1)
Christ’s Supremacy Displayed (Col. 1)
Christ’s Supremacy Defended (Col. 2)
Christ’s Supremacy Demanded in Christian living (Col. 3)
Conclusion (Col. 4)
How? | Application
Paul urges the Colossians to abide by true doctrine about the supremacy of Christ.
Explains Christ’s supremacy over all of creation for all time.
Explains that Christ is preeminent in the Church as it’s Creator and Savior, and is it’s Life and Leader.
Explains that Christ is the only way of salvation. There are no special qualifications or requirements for experiencing God’s favor - we are all equal in Christ.
Christ is fully man and fully God.
Shows how Christ’s Lordship is revealed in personal relationship to Him, local church, family, work and society.
This letter from the Apostle Paul to the Colossian church was likely written in the same year as Philemon and Ephesians while he was under house arrest in Rome. He never visited Colossae’s predominantly Gentile church, but he wrote this letter to the new converts there to encourage them to persevere in the truth of the gospel and the supremacy of Jesus Christ.
There had been some heretical teachings that denied the supremacy and humanity of Christ, as well as other dangerous deviations from the true doctrine. This letter tackles these deviations and provides practical theology for Christian living and faith development.