Exodus Overview


Who? | Author & Audience

Widely believed to be primarily written by Moses. Some content was likely added in by others later.


The immediate audience would have been the Israelites.


When? | Dates

The book of Exodus occurs between approximately 1915 BC to 1406 BC.


Where? | Setting

Israelites in Egypt, then their journey out of Egypt to Mount Sanai.


What & Why? | Outline & Purpose

Israel blessed and oppressed (1)

Moses is spared for the liberation of Israel (2-12)

  • Moses’ beginning (2-3)

  • Moses is called (3-6)

10 Plagues on Egypt (7-15)

  • Passover (12)

  • Israelite’s journey out of Egypt (14-18)

  • Parting the red sea (14-15)

  • God provides for Israel’s needs (16-17)

  • Establishing a leadership model (18)

Covenant and commandments (19-31)

  • Consecration of the people (19)

  • 10 Commandments (20)

  • Additional laws and instructions (21-23)

  • Covenant (24)

  • Instructions for the Tabernacle (25-31)

  • Sabbath (31)

Israel disobeys the covenant and are redeemed (32-34)

Preparation of the Tabernacle (35-40)


How? | Application

  • Exodus is the second book of the Pentateuch, and one of the five books of the Torah.

  • First half of Exodus is the fulfillment of promises made to Abraham.

  • Second half of Exodus is about the revelation of the covenant.

  • God provides His commandments and instructions for His people.

  • God displays His power, boundaries, provisions, and protection over His people.

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