Who? | Author & Audience
Widely believed to be primarily written by Moses. Some content was likely added in by others later.
The immediate audience would have been the Israelites.
When? | Dates
The book of Exodus occurs between approximately 1915 BC to 1406 BC.
Where? | Setting
Israelites in Egypt, then their journey out of Egypt to Mount Sanai.
What & Why? | Outline & Purpose
Israel blessed and oppressed (Ex. 1)
Moses is spared for the liberation of Israel (Ex. 2-12)
Moses’ beginning (Ex. 2-3)
Moses is called (Ex. 3-6)
10 Plagues on Egypt (Ex. 7-18)
Passover (Ex. 12)
Israelite’s journey out of Egypt (Ex. 14-18)
Parting the red sea (Ex. 14-15)
God provides for Israel’s needs (Ex. 16-17)
Establishing a leadership model (Ex. 18)
Covenant and commandments (Ex. 19-31)
Consecration of the people (Ex. 19)
10 Commandments (Ex. 20)
Additional laws and instructions (Ex. 21-23)
Covenant (Ex. 24)
Instructions for the Tabernacle (Ex. 25-31)
Sabbath (Ex. 31)
Israel disobeys the covenant and are redeemed (Ex. 32-34)
Preparation of the Tabernacle (Ex. 35-40)
How? | Application
Exodus is the second book of the Pentateuch, and one of the five books of the Torah.
First half of Exodus is the fulfillment of promises made to Abraham.
Second half of Exodus is about the revelation of the covenant.
God provides His commandments and instructions for His people.
God displays His power, boundaries, provisions, and protection over His people.