Who? | Author & Audience
Paul wrote Romans to all Christians in Rome, some Jews and mostly gentiles, a church in which he had not founded and had never visited.
When? | Dates
Likely written around AD 57.
Where? | Setting
Likely written in Corinth on Paul’s third missionary journey just before his journey to Jerusalem.
What & Why? | Outline & Purpose
Revelation of God’s Righteousness (Rom. 1-8)
Condemnation (Rom. 1-3)
Justification (Rom. 3-5)
Sanctification (Rom. 6-8)
Vindication of God’s Righteousness (Rom. 9-11)
Chosen by God (Rom. 9)
Rejection of God (Rom. 10)
Restoration by God (Rom. 11)
Application of God’s Righteousness (Rom. 12-15)
Christian duties (Rom. 12-13)
Christian liberties (Rom. 14-15)
Conclusion (Rom. 16)
This post may contain affiliate links. You can find the full disclaimer here.
How? | Application
Explains why and how the gospel of Christ is God’s power to save those who believe.
Explains that righteousness is by grace through faith, not through works of the Law.
Romans was written to a mixed audience of Jews and gentiles and challenges secular and pagan beliefs as well as instills spiritual confidence in believers. This letter from Paul to the Romans is packed with his systemic defense for the gospel as well as encouragement and instruction in Christian living, Christian freedom, and ways in which we are called to present ourselves as followers of Jesus Christ.